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食品价格涨幅扩大拉动6月CPI

来源:发布者:时间:2019-07-11 13:01:17

[News analysis] The increase in food prices has boosted the June CPI

The National Bureau of Statistics released data on the 10th. In June, the national consumer price (CPI) rose by 2.7% year-on-year, the same as last month. Among them, food prices rose by 8.3%, an increase of 0.6 percentage points over the previous month; non-food prices rose by 1.4%, and the growth rate fell by 0.2 percentage points.

“The year-on-year increase in food prices is the main reason for driving CPI, among which fresh fruit prices and pork prices have increased significantly.” Liu Xuezhi, a senior researcher at the Bank of Communications Financial Research Center.

The data shows that in food, the price of fresh vegetables, which had previously increased by a large margin, rose by 4.2% year-on-year in June, and the growth rate dropped by 9.1 percentage points from the previous month. Due to the large number of fresh vegetables, the price in June fell by 9.7% from the previous month.

Pork prices and fresh fruit prices have increased significantly year-on-year. Among them, pork prices rose by 21.1% year-on-year, an increase of 2.9 percentage points over the previous month.

Fresh fruit prices rose by 42.7% year-on-year, an increase of 16 percentage points over the previous month. Dong Yaxiu, director of the Circulation Consumer Price Division of the Urban Statistics Bureau of the National Bureau of Statistics, analyzed that in addition to the impact of climate and other factors, the lower price in the same period last year was also one of the reasons for the increase.

From the ring data, short-term fresh fruit prices and pork prices have still risen from last month.

Dong Yaxiu said that the price of concentrated fruits such as watermelon and peach decreased, but the prices of apples and pears continued to rise and the increase was higher. In addition, the heavy precipitation in some parts of the south affected the picking and transportation, and the prices of fruits such as dragon fruit and pineapple rose. The price of fresh fruit in the country rose by 5.1% from the previous month. The current price level is at an all-time high; pork supply is tight, and the price is up 3.6%.

Experts analyzed that the price increase of fresh fruit is not sustainable in the next step, and pork prices are facing upward pressure, but overall, inflation pressure is not big in the second half of the year.

xx国家发展和改革委员会发言人孟浩表示,水果价格上涨了很多,主要是由于天气异常和以往趋势等因素,水果价格上涨不可持续。随着市场上大量的时令水果,价格将回落到正常范围。

农业和农村事务部市场和信息技术部主任汤伟表示,今年上半年,市场供应紧张,猪肉价格持续高位运行。由于需要恢复生猪生产能力,后期猪肉价格的压力仍然较大。

“在下半年,我们应该关注猪肉价格走势,这可能会分阶段提高CPI。”刘学智分析说,新鲜蔬菜的价格上涨已经下降,新鲜水果的价格涨幅有望缩小。 6月之后,CPI上涨正在逐渐减弱。除猪肉价格外,推高CPI的其他因素也较弱。在下半年,CPI增长空间有限,并没有明显的通胀压力。

“总的来说,中国的工农业产品和服务供给普遍充足,家庭消费稳步增长,整体物价水平基本保持稳定。”孟说,国家发展和改革委员会将继续加强价格监测,特别是注重价格上涨。为了影响困难群众的基本生活,我们将引导各地认真落实社会救助的联动机制,保证与物价上涨挂钩的标准。一旦条件得到满足,将立即启动该机制,并及时向弱势群体分发临时补贴价格,以确保有需要的人的基本生活。

(新华社北京7月10日电)

陈玉伟

陈玉伟

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